Ptolemy IV Philopater Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary , the most advanced Bible dictionary. Ptolemy IV was not the man his father was lacking both his moral strength and character. Ptolemaic Kingdom. Obv: Draped bust of Ptolemy V as Dionysos right, thyrsos at shoulder. Antiochus III the Great vs Ptolemy IV Philopator; the struggle for Coele-Syria – The battle of Raphia (217 B.C.) Ptolemy IV Philopator Debauched son of Ptolemy III during whose inattentive reign Egypt lost most of the stability & influence it had achieved under the first three Macedonian pharaohs. Ptolemy (IV) Philopator (Ptolemaios IV) 221 - 204 BC. Among the children of Ptolemy IV Philopator and Arsinoe III of Egypt was Ptolemy V Epiphanes, who married Cleopatra I Syra, daughter of Antiochus III the Great and Laodice III. Uncertain mint in Cyprus. Ptolemy is said to have built a giant ship known as the tessarakonteres ("forty"), a huge galley and possibly the largest human-powered vessel ever built. In 219, when the Seleucid ruler captured some of the coastal cities, Sosibius and the Ptolemaic court entered into delaying negotiations with the enemy, while the Ptolemaic army was reorganized and intensively drilled. Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator, (Greek: Philopator, the Younger) (died 144 bc), younger son and co-ruler with Ptolemy VI Philometor, king of Egypt, whom he succeeded in 145 bc. Seleucus IV Philopator. … Ptolemy IV Philopator (“Father-loving”) was the son of Ptolemy III and Berenike II and the fourth ruler of the Ptolemaic Dynasty. Fourth king of the Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt ; oldest son and successor of Ptolemy III and Berenice II. Still a minor, he was the ward of his mother, who also served as his co-ruler. In the Aegean, he retained a number of islands, but, in spite of honours granted him, he refused to become embroiled in the wars of the Greek states. ), of the Macedonian dynasty, son of Ptolemy II and the first Arsinoë. The forty of its name may refer to its number of banks of oars. This particular coin type is a well-known type from Ptolemy IV, who reigned from 221 BC to 204 BC. To the south, Ptolemy maintained peaceful relations with the neighbouring kingdom. He was married to his sister Arsinoe III. Ptolemy IV Philopator, King of Egypt, ca. Ptolemy IV Philopator (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Φιλοπάτωρ Ptolemaĩos Philopátōr; reigned 221–204 BC), son of Ptolemy III and Berenice II of Egypt, was the fourth Pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt. In this reign the series of wars against Syria continued. He married (about 220 BC) his sister Arsinoë III, but continued to be ruled by his mistress Agathoclea, sister of Agathocles. ), of the Macedonian dynasty, son of Ptolemy III Ptolemy III (Ptolemy Euergetes) , d. 221 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (246–221 B.C. Ptolemy IV Philopator or Ptolemy V Epiphanes. This showpiece galley was described by Callixenus of Rhodes, writing in the 3rd century BC, and quoted by Athenaeus in the 2nd century AD. 205 B.C. Great new coin, buddy! Ptolemy IV Philopator: king of the Ptolemaic Empire, ruled from 222 to 204. Svoronos 1789; SNG Copenhagen 637-8. In Syria, also, Ptolemy avoided involvement in local struggles, though Sosibius attempted to embroil Egypt there. Ptolemy IV Philopator (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Φιλοπάτωρ, Ptolemaĩos Philopátōr, reigned 221-205 BCE), son of Ptolemy III and Berenice II of Egypt was the fourth Pharaoh of the Ptolemaic Egypt. Son of Ptolemy III Euergetes, Pharaoh of Egypt and Berenice II, queen of Egypt In the 1930s, excavations by Mattingly at a fortress close to Port Dunford (the likely Nikon of antiquity) in present-day southern Somalia yielded a number of Ptolemaic coins. Ptolemy IV Philopator (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Φιλοπάτωρ Ptolemaĩos Philopátōr; reigned 221–204 BC), son of Ptolemy III and Berenice II of Egypt, was the fourth Pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt. Ptolemy IV Philopator Label from public data source Wikidata; Ptolemy IV Philopator, King of Egypt, approximately 238 B.C.-approximately 205 B.C. He married his sister Arsinoë III (about 220 BC), but continued to be ruled by his mistress Agathoclea, sister of Agathocles. Father of NN (died shortly after his birth); Ptolemy V Epiphanes, Pharaoh of Egypt and King Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II of Egypt Under the reign of Ptolemy IV, the decline of the Ptolemaic kingdom began. The current theory is that Ptolemy's ship was an oversize catamaran galley, measuring 128 m 420 ft. Ptolemy IV is a major protagonist of the apocryphal 3 Maccabees, which describes purported events following the Battle of Raphia, in both Jerusalem and Alexandria. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. A between the eagle's legs. Ptolemy IV Philopator, (Greek: “Loving His Father”) (born c. 238 bce—died 205 bce), Macedonian king of Egypt (reigned 221–205 bc), under whose feeble rule, heavily influenced by favourites, much of Ptolemaic Syria was lost and native uprisings began to disturb the internal stability of Egypt. After Raphia, Ptolemy married his sister, Arsinoe, who bore him a successor in 210. 169: The Seleucid king Antiochus IV Epiphanes invades Egypt and demands that Ptolemy VI receives other advisers (Comanus and Cineas). Please enable JavaScript in your browser's settings to use this part of Geni. He was soon displaced by his uncle, Ptolemy VIII, who executed him the following year. Ptolemy IV Philopator (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Φιλοπάτωρ Ptolemaĩos Philopátōr; reigned 221–204 BC), son of Ptolemy III and Berenice II of Egypt, was the fourth Pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt. Ông là Pharaoh thứ tư của triều đại Ptolemaios ở Ai Cập.Dưới triều đại của Ptolemaios IV, sự suy yếu của vương quốc Ptolemaios bắt đầu xuất hiện. ! Corrections? Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Ptolemy IV Philopater, King of Egypt, married his sister, Arsinoe III, circa 220 BC, but ruled with his mistress, Agathoclea, sister to Agathocles. The decline of the Ptolemaic dynasty began under the reign of Ptolemy IV. AE38 mm, 41.72 gr. Philopator was devoted to orgiastic forms of religion and literary dilettantism. Seleucus IV Philopator (Greek: Σέλευκος Δ΄ Φιλοπάτωρ; c. 218-175 BC), ruler of the Hellenistic Seleucid Empire, reigned from 187 BC to 175 BC over a realm consisting of Syria (now including Cilicia and Judea), Mesopotamia, Babylonia and Nearer Iran (Media and Persia). Very Rare. Earlier Established Forms Head of Zeus Ammon right, hair bound in a taenia / Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head right, holding filleted cornucopiae. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Ptolemy IV Philopator (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Φιλοπάτωρ, Ptolemaĩos Philopátōr, reigned 221–205 BCE), son of Ptolemy III and Berenice II of Egypt was the fourth Pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt. His reign was inaugurated by the murder of his mother, and he was always under the dominion of favourites, male and female, who indulged his vices and conducted the government as they pleased. Ptolemy IV Philopator — (Greek: polytonic|Πτολεμαῖος Φιλοπάτωρ, Ptolemaĩos Philopátōr, reigned 221 205 BC), son of Ptolemy III and Berenice II of Egypt was the fourth Pharaoh of the Ptolemaic Egypt. Plutarch also mentions that Ptolemy Philopator owned this immense vessel in his Life of Demetrios. His reign was inaugurated by the murder of his mother, and he was always under the dominion of favourites, male and female, who indulged his vices and conducted the government as they pleased. How to say Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator in English? The Ptolemies were the Greek/Macedonian rulers of Egypt in the period after the death of Alexander the Great and before the rise of Roman control. Ancient Greek historians record that at the climactic battle of Raphia Ptolemy IV armed native Egyptian troops to gain numerical advantage, that 70,000 people died in the battle, and that, after it, Ptolemy IV successfully attacked Syria. So grave was the threat that for the first time under the Ptolemaic regime native Egyptians were enrolled into the infantry and cavalry and trained in phalanx tactics. Under the Ptolemies, there was no real national foundation established for their rule in Egypt as the successor and son of Ptolemy III Euergetes, Ptolemy IV Philopator took the throne. Ptolemy IV Philopator Macedonian king of Egypt (Greek: Loving His Father) born c. 238 BC, –d. Ptolemy IV Philopator was the fourth ruler of the Ptolemaic Dynasty. Queen of Ptolemaic Egypt who ruled from 175 to 116 BC with two successive brother-husbands and her daughter—often in rivalry with her brother Ptolemy VIII. Ptolemy IV Philopator, 222-205/4 BC AE Tetrobol, Alexandria mint. Rev: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY, eagle standing left on thunderbolt. In Egypt, Cleopatra II and Ptolemy VIII are made co-rulers. In 218 the negotiations collapsed, and Antiochus renewed his advance, overrunning Ptolemy’s forward defenses. Ptolemy IV's reign was also marked by trade with other contemporaneous polities. Classical writers depict Ptolemy as a drunken, debauched reveller, completely under the influence of his disreputable associates, among whom Sosibius was the most prominent. 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