After critically analyzing the Pericles’ Funeral Oration Response, I came to the conclusion that the primary thinking for the speech was due to catastrophic deaths of soldiers, however the content within the Funeral oration was very revealing and powerful. In fact, Pericles sees Athens as having the ultimate possible government; the one best conducive to freedom, liberty, courage, honor, and justice – the values most honored by the Athenians. This piece is a funeral oratory, a speech written to honor fallen Athenian heroes at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War. Show More. Pericles' Funeral Oration by Philipp Foltz (1852) When the bodies had been buried, it was customary for some wise and prudent notable and chief person of the city, preeminent in honor and dignity, before all the people to make a prayer in praise of the dead, and after doing this, each one returned to his House. Pericles’ Funeral Oration Analysis Pericles, as we know, was an exceeding leader and statesmen for most of Athen’s reign during the 5th century B.C.E. The methods he used to do so seem worthy of examination since citizens of more modern representative democracies should understand how their leaders manipulate (or to use a less negative term, “encourage”) them to take certain actions. LITERARIUM LIMITED 2nd Floor, 17 King Edwards Road, Ruislip. It only takes seconds! Pericles then continues to his central theme, extolling the uniqueness and virtue of Athens and its system of government: democracy. 1068 Words 5 Pages. Pericles’ Funeral Oration (Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War, translated by Rex Warner, Penguin Books, 1972, pages 144-150.) Professional writers in all subject areas are available and will meet your assignment deadline. Pericles Funeral Oration is a speech that was given by Pericles whom was the Athenian 's Strategos (military commander) and written down by the famous historian, Thucydides that was an Athenian that attended the speech. Get your personal promo code to your e-mail! Pericles gave his oration, or ceremonial speech, about 431 BCE. Show More. In a democracy, men can act how they wish without fear of judgment or retaliation from their neighbor, so long as they act within the confines of the law. One of those great people includes Pericles who was a high profile statesman, a prominent orator, and general of Athens in the times between the Persian and Peloponnesian wars. Pericles then continues to his central theme, extolling the uniqueness and virtue of Athens and its system of government: democracy. https://schoolworkhelper.net/pericles-funeral-oration-analysis-athenian-democracy/, Tillie Olsen’s I Stand Here Ironing: Summary & Analysis, Shakespeare’s Macbeth: History & Analysis, The Roswell UFO Crash: Summary & Analysis, The German Great Inflation: Summary & Analysis, The 1968 Tet Offensive: Summary & Analysis, The Scarlet Letter: Hester Character Analysis, “On the Sidewalk, Bleeding”: Analysis & Theme, Power, Control and Loss of Individuality in George Orwell’s 1984, Augustus’ Role in Shaping the Roman Empire. Pericles’s and Lincoln’s funeral orations both reflect the use of constitutive rhetoric as they use persuasive speech to build up the community. At such a time of high emotions and patriotism, this oration is an example of Pericles’ brilliance with words. This kind of speech was generally given at a mass funeral, to honor many who had died fighting in the war. Pericles glorifies the “equal justice to all” under the law that all men of Athens share and glorifies their superiority over their peer poleis. Pericles’ Funeral Oration Analysis: Athenian… This piece is a funeral oratory, a speech written to honor fallen Athenian heroes at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War. Even today we view this ancient city as the birthplace of the values of equality and democracy that we center our government upon. In 431 BCE, at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War, held their traditional public funeral for all those who had been killed. Assignment: Analysis of Pericles' Funeral Oration Pericles led Athens at the height of its classical glory, and from the funeral oration he gave, as recorded by Thucydides, we get a sense of how the Athenians thought of themselves, as well as the role that public speaking played in their culture. Great news for our customers. And if nothing else, we would do well to remember them… In 431 BCE, the statesmen Pericles delivered one of his most famous speeches of all time. Pericles describes Athenian democracy as a system of government where men advance on merit rather than on class or wealth. After the dead had been buried in a public grave, one of the leading citizens, chosen by the city, would offer a suitable speech, and on this occasion Pericles was chosen. Pericles delivered the oration not only to bury the dead but to praise democracy. Your email address will not be published. (Ancient Background Sourcebook: Thucydides (c. 460/455-c. 399 BCE): Pericles’ Funeral Oration from the Peloponnesian War (Book installment payments on your 34-46). ) At such a time of high emotions and patriotism – Pericles has not one theme but several. It is clear that Pericles views democracy as the best form of government and having adopted it, he views Athens as superior to their fellow city states. He was an extremely successful man, and well rounded in many aspects of Athenian leadership. funeral home a mortuary where those who knew the deceased can come to pay their last respects; An establishment where the dead are prepared for burial or cremation ; A funeral home, funeral parlor or mortuary, is a business that … Pericles’ funeral oration “We may encounter many defeats but we must not be defeated”, the words with such a strong meaning can be used perfectly to inspire the audience. Article last reviewed: 2019 | St. Rosemary Institution © 2010-2020 | Creative Commons 4.0. Funerals after such battles were public rituals and Pericles used the occasion to make a classic statement of the value of democracy. The Funeral Oration has become one of the most famous and influential passages in Thucydides’ work; it offers a stirring tribute to the culture of Athens, to democracy and freedom, and it celebrates the men who are w… Pericles is speaking at the funeral for the dead of Athens, standing in front of the tomb in which they are interred. Governor Pericles’ speech, captured by the Athenian historian General Thucydides and known as “The Funeral Oration,” serves as a model for how a leader in an executive role may raise the spirit of his or her people during a time of crisis. Rhetorical Analysis Essay- Pericles' Funeral Oration Rhetorical Analysis Essay- Pericles' Funeral Oration Introduction Greece has seen many great orators, leaders and reformers. But what is more inspiring is the way Pericles delivered the speech in the Greek famous War. Pericles' Funeral Oration Rhetorical Analysis Greece has seen many great orators, leaders and reformers. Sitemap. Pericles’ Funeral Oration Analysis Pericles, as we know, was an exceeding leader and statesmen for most of Athen’s reign during the 5th century B.C.E. Haven’t found the relevant content? Pericles was a famous Greek general. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student. This piece is a funeral oratory, a speech written to honor fallen Athenian heroes at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War while assuring the people that their city state is in good hands, and easing the pain of all the families and relatives of the deceased. The people of our nation need to be grateful that they are even a part of a country that’s so superior, that it’s worth dying for. Pericles describes Athenian democracy as a system of government where men advance on merit rather than on class or wealth. Since the analysis also considers the efficacy of the speech, there is a neo-Aristotelian or classical element to the underlying approach. Being an Athenian, his account gives us an eyewitness record of not only the events, but the causes and motives that lead up those events. Pericles occupies a central role for two reasons. Rhetorical Analysis Of Pericles And Lincoln's Funeral Oration. The epainesis in Pericles’ oration continues with a remark on arete, that is, the excellence of the dead in battle: But the valor of these men and their peers gave the city her beauty…The death of these, in my judgment, revealed the courage of some at their first encounter, or conformed the others’ established record (Pericles, 21). Thucydides (c.460/455-c.399 BCE): Pericles' Funeral Oration, from the Peloponnesian War (Book 2.34-46) This famous speech was made by the Athenian leader Pericles after the first battles of the Peloponnesian war. Ridge Funeral Home Obituaries. Pericles’ speech offers a sort of road-map not only to determine how to construct such a speech, but for the audience to understand the appeals presented before them. Hire verified expert. The “Gettysburg Address” and Pericles’ “Funeral Oration” were two similar speeches given at vastly different times in history. “We may encounter many defeats but we must not be defeated”, the words with such a strong meaning can be used perfectly to inspire the audience. First, he was the leading citizen of Athens at that time and his vision guided the Athenians’ early actions in the war. Indeed, a worthy summation of Pericles’s oration is that it is a count of the “points in which [Athens] is worthy of admiration”. Science Teacher and Lover of Essays. In spite of his often jingoistic faith in Athens, Pericles is indeed right in assuming that “the admiration of the present and succeeding ages will be [Athens’s]”. Science, English, History, Civics, Art, Business, Law, Geography, all free! Pericles extolls several of the virtues of Athens, most of them centered on the then-unique form of democracy. In a statement full of patriotism, Pericles proclaims: “We cultivate refinement without extravagance and knowledge without effeminacy; wealth we employ more for use than for show, and place the real disgrace of poverty not in owning to the fact but in declining the struggle against it.” That he could so effectively move from appeals to the audience’s sense of pride, comfort, and patriotism to an outright call to war proved curious. Tutor and Freelance Writer. Pericles glorifies the “equal justice to all” under the law that all men of Athens share and glorifies their superiority over their peer poleis. In a statement oozing with patriotism, Pericles proclaims: “We cultivate refinement without extravagance and knowledge without effeminacy; wealth we employ more for use than for show, and place the real disgrace of poverty not in owning to the fact but in declining the struggle against it.” It is these balanced priorities and powerful show of moderation that makes Athens great. Modern parallels of the Pericles' Funeral Oration. Pericles emphasized the power of the Athenian people and in particular their ability to work together for the greater good of the city by putting aside what they might want in the moment as individuals. Here you can order a professional work. Funeral Oration | Summary & Analysis. Though the speech itself fits the broad definition of “ceremonial oratory,” the method of analysis is generative first and foremost, with no consideration given to epideictic models or methods. Topics: Peloponnesian War, Ancient Greece, Government Pages: 2 (719 words) Published: May 9, 2012. Scholars found a written record of this speech. In fact, Pericles sees Athens as having the ultimate possible government; the one best conducive to freedom, liberty, courage, honor, and justice – the values most honored by the Athenians. In spite of his often jingoistic faith in Athens, Pericles is indeed right in assuming that “the admiration of the present and succeeding ages will be [Athens’s]”. This section may lend undue weight to the Gettysburg Address. Cite this article as: William Anderson (Schoolworkhelper Editorial Team), "Pericles’ Funeral Oration Analysis: Athenian Democracy," in, Pericles’ Funeral Oration Analysis: Athenian…. Analysis of Pericles Funeral Oration . ATTENTION: Please help us feed and educate children by uploading your old homework! 713 Words 3 Pages. The first theme, fitting in that the speech was given at a funeral for war heroes, is that the most valiant way a man can live and die is in service of freedom and his city – in this case Athens. The first theme, fitting in that the speech was given at a funeral for war heroes, is that the most valiant way a man can live and die is in service of freedom and his city – in this case Athens. Free proofreading and copy-editing included. The “Funeral Oration” of Pericles stands as one of the great speeches of Western history. In his funeral oration, Pericles speaks of the intangible qualities that make Athens great, beyond their simple military might. Beloved by historians, it offers a glimpse into a pivotal moment in ancient Greek history. Pericles Funeral Oration Analysis. Sample Funeral Programs. Let us do your homework! Analysis of the context within which they occur reveals a more complex state of affairs, which both sheds light on the social and political aspects of the role of women and assists us in interpreting the historical situation to which the Funeral Speech refers. Marshall S Funeral Home. Pericles, a great supporter of democracy, was a Greek leader and statesman during the Peloponnesian War . It is clear that Pericles views democracy as the best form of government and having adopted it, he views Athens as superior to their fellow city states. Pericles’ funeral oration to the Athenians at the end of the first year of war. Yet in Shakespeare's time the play was very popular and has been successfully performed in modern productions. Funerals after great battles were held as a public event where any citizen of Athens, stranger or relative to the fallen heroes, was invited to take place. Hire a subject expert to help you with Analysis of Pericles Speeches. This speech became known as Pericles' Funeral Oration, and it occurred in 431 B.C., just after the start of war. It was the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War (431–404 BCE). This war was fought between the two most powerful city-states of ancient Greece: Athens and Sparta. Pericles Funeral Oration Analysis. Pericles Funeral Speech Analysis Essay. Your online site for school work help and homework help. 1431 Words 6 Pages. Pericles succeeded in it and garnered massive support for a war that was not going well and already appeared may drag on longer than anticipated, requiring great loss of blood, treasure, and the sacrifice of daily comfort at home. He suggests that the war heroes have earned what he calls "the noblest of all tombs." He gave a speech in Athens, a public speech, honoring the many warriors who were killed in battle after the first year of the Peloponnesian War. It was the custom at the time to honor the dead each year who had died defending their city-state, the city-state of Athens. This is not an example of the work written by professional academic writers. Pericles’ Funeral Oration Analysis. Share. All of them have contributed to the affairs of the civilization either in one way or the other. Share. ’ The funeral oration is not just an honoring of the patriotic men that died fighting for Athens but also a call to all the other sons, brothers and fellow citizens of the honorable fallen to live a life as honorable as them. As was customary at the end of each summer, the governor of Athens gave a public funeral oration to honor those who had died in battle. Now, at the burial of those who were the first to fall in the war Pericles…was chosen to make the speech. Funerals after such battles were public rituals and Pericles used the occasion to make a classic statement of the value of democracy. Indeed, a worthy summation of Pericles’s oration is that it is a count of the “points in which [Athens] is worthy of admiration”. Abraham Lincoln delivered the “Gettysburg Address” in the middle of the American Civil War, during a dedication to the dead Union soldiers of the Battle of Gettysburg. He talks about how the Athenians treat other peoples and says “when we do kindnesses to others, we do not do them out of any calculations of profit or loss: we do them without afterthought, relying on our free liberality” (Thucydides 2.41). Pericles’ Funeral Oration Why do we fight wars if they just cause death and sorrow. Even today we view this ancient city as the birthplace of the values of equality and democracy that we center our government upon. All of them have contributed to the affairs of the civilization either in one way or the other. 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