%µµµµ 3 0 obj In contrast, Akinlaye (1980) defined Social Studies as the study of people and their environments which has an influence on them in one way or the other, There are challenges facing teachers in delivering the Social Studies curriculum appropriately, and there are both experiential and gender differences in teachers’ ability to deliver the Social Studies curriculum. Additionally instructional material such as charts, relevant and current Social Studies textbooks are not readily available in schools. Lack of electricity; Many schools are still not yet connected to electricity; Kenya being a developing … Traditional education was generally a means for immediate induction into society and a preparation for adulthood. One of the greatest challenges facing … Inadequate funds to finance the education. 1 To determine the nature of social studies as a subject in secondary school, 2 To determine the challenges of the effective teaching of social studies in senior secondary school. that implementation IBSC is facing many challenges which include the following :time allocated for teaching IBSC is not enough and should be increased with one lesson to enable the completion of the syllabus on time, there is inadequate 1 Ho The level of understanding of social studies in senior secondary school is Low, Hi   The level of understanding of social studies in senior secondary school is high, 2   Ho   The Challenges in the teaching of social studies in senior secondary school is low, Hi    The challenges in the teaching of social studies in senior secondary school is high, 3       Ho  The teaching of  social studies in senior secondary school is not effective, Hi    The teaching of social studies in senior secondary school is effective. 3. stream It is on the basis of this realization that the present study is conducted on the challenges facing ... were noted by Karanja (1978) when addressing the state of education in Kenya… Social Studies provide a way of looking at society in order to understand its structure and its problems and to look for ways of solving those problems. For example in North Eastern parts of the country. Assimilation becomes a problem in class and the students become discouraged by constant failure and may drop out. This study was designed to explore management challenges facing implementation of FPE in Kenya, a case of Keiyo District. Massialas and Allen (1996) label some of these topics "crucial issues" and include the following under the description of what to teach in social studies: creating a civic culture, the hidden curriculum, student motivation, thinking skills, values education, global education, multicultural studies, gender studies, educational technology, alternative assessment, meeting the needs of students with disabilities, and academic freedom. The objectives of the study will be to determine: The levels of training in management by the school management on the implementation of FSE programme, asses how management of FSE programme fund has affected implementation of FSE. 2. of teachers’ interview revealed that the teaching of social science is a reflection of teacher’s own biases and beliefs; dominated by deficit model … The study established that challenges in teacher education are real in nature and require urgent address. Some of the challenges faced by PSSP students emerging from the study were the emphasis placed on the financial gain in deciding to teach PSSP, lack of commitment by lecturers, poor services and resource delivery, bureaucracy in fees payment, HELB loan being difficult to get and the application process being cumbersome, problems of discrimination of PSSP students by their colleagues in GSSP, favouritism of … Lack of conducive environment affect the teaching of social studies. Some of these challenges are very serious that they are causing a big impact on Kenyan citizens at large.The challenges include few tutors, poor infrastructure and many others. It's about questioning society, searching for patterns, and developing the tools to make the world a better place. According to Quality Education for Social Transformation (QUEST, 2007) and Muthwii (2004) learners are faced with English literacy challenges from the onset of their schooling. Work-Life Balance and its Effect on Employee Productivity. It shall highlight the challenges confronted in the effective teaching of social studies in senior secondary school. 4 0 obj However, there is no particular agreed definition as every attempt is based on individual beliefs about the role of Social Studies in society. 6, Issue. (attributed to John Dewey) and closely allied to the constructivist approach exposes students to subjects such as Social Studies which equip them with the understanding and skills to explore the world in which they live (Kivinen & Ristela, 2003). These challenges have consequently undermined the effective implementation of the curriculum in order to attain the goal it was designed for. The rest of the challenges are socially induced, especially by lack of interest. Political challenges also are a major reason why these goals and objectives are still not achievable. human geography), and this was perceived by the authorities as appropriate to deliver the curriculum.This may have accounted for a diversity of teaching methods and opportunities. the curriculum was relevant to the needs of the society. <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Some how I ended up teaching math to Forms 1 and 2 (Grades 9 and 10) along with English and physics to Form 2. Students want to know the truth and it is incumbent on us educators to … Attempts have been made by many writers to define or rather describe Social Studies. Teaching in Kenya was a bit of a challenge. │Terms of Use│Contact Us│info@researchclue.com, Making Awesome Presentations: Tips and Tricks for Project Defense, Challenges of Personal Income Taxation in Ghana. endobj Although the National Policy on Education accepted social studies education as a curriculum design for inculcating norms and values of active citizenship amongst young learners in our schools, most of the studies (Lat, 1999; Akims, 2003; Shingumi, 2003 and Kazi 2004) and data available in this direction have demonstrated that we are yet to achieve the virtues and assets intrinsic in the subject area Social studies as a subject has several attractive characteristics. Meanwhile, Makinde (1979) claimed that Social Studies is a subject that attempts to study human beings in all their manifestations. I went to Kenya as a U.S. Peace Corps volunteer. These numbers have been declining significantly over the last decade.The United States hosted just 3,500 Kenyans last year as compared to a high of 7,800 in 2003. Research in Comparative and International Education, Vol. They were of the opinion that illustrated talks, visiting speakers, drawing and painting, posters, creative writing, cartoons, brainstorming, costume making, plays, puppetry and quizzes are not always suitable teaching. <> Effect of Employee Benefits on Organizational Performance, Impact of Monetary Policies on Foreign Trade in Nigeria. Social Issues Facing Kenya is a land endowed with many advantages and opportunities. Social Studies therefore seek to integrate knowledge from the various traditional disciplines. Sometimes a teacher may have a great work load that denies him or … 4, p. 366. Unfortunately, there are factors militating against the successful teaching of social studies in the secondary schools. University of Tanzania to pursue my Master of Human Resource Management studies. 3. Little research has been published that is specifically relevant to professional social work ethics in Kenya. They are introduced to the art of listening, speaking, reading and writing through first language in an English-dominated curriculum. ‘Realistic’ approach to education underpins science, technical and vocational subjects. These challenges involve being truthful about issues of race, tolerance, and acceptance as they project themselves through both the history textbook and the multitude of screens that now pervade our society. Therefore the problem confronting this research is to investigate the challenges of effective teaching of social studies in senior secondary school. This study investigated challenges in implementation of Free Secondary Education (FSE)] policy in secondary schools of Bungoma County, Kenya. 1 What is the nature of social studies as a subject in senior secondary school? endobj The Comparative Education Study and Adaptation Centre (CESAC, 1982) defined Social Studies as a subject that is concerned with the way people live and interact with their social and physical environments and how science and technology help them to live well in those environments. How did I end up with English and physics? Challenges that teachers face in Kenya. Teachers need to be aware of the factors militating against the effective teaching in order to create positive learning environment for all students to learn. of social studies in the current era of Ghana’s education dispensation presents new challenges and opportunities for effective Social Studies education in today’s classroom environment and serves as the wake-up call of how social studies education continues to respond to the current trends, issues and instructional objectives. 5ÔzÙ0jƒü˜›åcPò;¨E>ù|ÉHã¨~ Inadequate facilities like classrooms books etc. 1 0 obj Social Issues Facing Kenya | Social Problems Facing Kenya. I am going to talk about the experience in a Kenyan primary school where I teach because most of these challenges are contextual. <>>> Education sector in Kenya has continued to face many challenges especially due to rapid increase in population. Idealistic approaches to education expose students to subjects that allow them to enter discourses and evaluate evidence or meaning: such subjects include History, Political Science, Geography, Literature, the Creative Arts, and Music. xœV]kë8}ä?Ì£[EߒárÁ±ÝDc[ÞK(÷ia÷iÿÿëjä¤MÚØ It also revealed that not all the teachers are Social Studies specialists; there are some non-specialist teachers teaching Social Studies because their subject embraces disciplines that have to do with human existence (e.g. techniques. 28, Issue. This chain of problems ranges from: teacher related issues like; the teachers’ preparation, the teachers’ attitudes and teaching … I had my teaching certification in high school mathematics. Some of these challenges are natural, some financial in nature while others are economically and socially induced. Abstract. There are many Challenges Facing Education in Kenya.The government is trying to solve these problems though it is difficult and it needs a lot of funds. With more than 70% of the total population in Kenya living in rural areas, access of education is a major problem. Some of these challenges includes lack of textbooks, lack of teaching and learning resources, poor attitude of students, influence of sheng and vernacular and lastly overloading Kiswahili teachers with many lessons. Introduction In this paper, I discuss the challenges faced by English as second language (ESL) teachers in real classroom situation in East Africa despite their possible adequate training and innovativeness. CHALLENGES OF EFFECTIVE TEACHING OF SOCIAL STUDIES IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL. Malembi Lucas Mgandi A research project submitted to the University of Nairobi in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Master of Education in Measurement & %PDF-1.5 the social studies education hinge on developing practices among teachers and their collaborators (colleagues, students, research workers, teacher … Some of these challenges include; 1. There are challenges facing teachers in delivering the Social Studies curriculum appropriately, and there are both experiential and gender differences in teachers’ ability to deliver the Social Studies curriculum. :K½Ç\$æã¨®Ì åW¾Þe–Ph; Policy review report: Early childhood care and education in Kenya [Executive summary] Executive Summary: Early childhood care and education in Kenya : Other: Conditions for implementation of the science curriculum in early childhood development and education centres in Kenya : Reports & Papers 2       What is the nature of  the challenges in the effective teaching of social studies in senior secondary school, The study shall proffer a structural appraisal of the nature of social studies in senior secondary school. It emphasized social responsibility, job orientation, political participation and spiritual and moral values. Adaralegbe (1980) stated that Social Studies is the totality of experience a student goes through having been exposed to a course explaining the problems men and women encounter in chosen environments (historical, geographical, traditional, political, religious, economic, psychological, cultural, scientific and technological). It does not provide the population with the essential ability to analyze and synthesize critical issues and policies. <> 1. You can't comfortably go to school when you don't feed properly. Introduction Social Issues Facing Kenya. For example, Adaralegbe (1975) argued that Social Studies is the study of how people live, what they do and how their life is affected by various things and social practices around them. Depth. Teachers reported that the curriculum content in Social Studies is not adequate for addressing the social issues and problems that face Nigeria today; the importance of peace and consequences of conflicts, the importance of culture, and the need for national unity and progress. Another major challenge have to … They also indicated that the matching or pairing of item tests and multiple choice tests is not suitable evaluation techniques. Before the introduction of western education in Nigeria, there had been a traditional form of education which was not rigidly structured. The study focuses on the appraisal of the challenges in the effective teaching of social studies in senior secondary school. INTRODUCTION. In an Education Week blog post on teaching social studies more effectively, writer (and former social studies teacher) Bill Bigelow offers his guidance for avoiding this pitfall: “Remember, social studies is not only about chronicling events and memorizing dates. CHALLENGES FACING ASSESSMENT OF SECONDARY SCHOOL AGRICULTURE PROJECT AND THEIR IMPACT ON THE RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY OF THE SCORES IN MOMBASA COUNTY. 2. Lack of adequate infrastructure and shortage of permanent classrooms in primary schools, particularly in poor counties. The Comparative Education Study and Adaptation Centre (CESAC, 1982), Defined Social Studies as a subject that is concerned with the way people live and interact with their social and physical environments and how science and technology help them to live well in those environments. endobj Clearly, in the U.S. There are challenges facing teachers in delivering the Social Studies curriculum appropriately, and there are both experiential and gender differences in teachers’ ability to deliver the Social Studies curriculum. There are several challenges facing education in Kenya that have been as blocks for attainment of goals and objectives of education in Kenya. Poor Infrastructure. © var currentYear = new Date().getFullYear();document.write(currentYear);, All Rights Reserved. ... Ecquid Novi: African Journalism Studies, Vol. According to UNESCO data, there were 13,573 Kenyan students studying abroad in 2012, with 3,776 in the United States, 2,235 in the UK and 1,191 in Australia. 2 0 obj The life skills curriculum in Kenyan primary schools has for a long time been faced by a chain of challenges. Challenges Facing Education in Kenya . Finally, the. Lack of clear legal guidelines on the implementation of inclusive education and non formal education programs. Here are some of the challenges of education in Kenya: 1. When it comes to the level of poor infrastructure, there is no debate that African … The teaching and learning of these subjects involves the carrying out of practical exercises and experiments that provide students with the ability to observe the natural world and understand cause and effect. The education system in Kenya is based on the reiteration of memorized content as provided by the instructor. CESAC went further to state the usefulness of Social Studies is enhanced when it is seen as a way of looking at society in order to understand social problems and thereby helps to seek a solution to them. Lack of instructional materials affects the teaching of social studies 2. However, Awoyemi & Ndagunnu (2005) claimed that Social Studies embraces those studies which are concerned with how people build a better life for themselves and their fellow human beings; how people deal with the problems of living together, how people change and are changed by their environment. 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