Pre-Cambrian 11. 2005; Mesa 2006). It flows through the Indian states of Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh (Fig. It is the home to various tribes and natives which lived here since long. Laterite and Clay 6. The stream frequency value of the Kanhar basin is 2.45 km/km2. The Lsm values for the Kanhar basin range from 0.52 to 113.38 km (Table 2) with a mean Lsm value of 21.47 km. 2002). The morphometric analysis of a drainage system is necessary in understanding the hydrological behavior of the watersheds. Slope analysis is an important parameter in geomorphological studies for watershed development and important for morphometric analysis. The region is characterized by dominance of moderately low absolute relief moderate drainage frequency, moderate relative relief, moderate dissection index, coarse drainage density moderate slope. The drainage basin analysis is important in any hydrological investigation like assessment of groundwater potential and groundwater management. Morphometric analysis of Sukhna Lake watershed located in Chandigarh covering Punjab and Haryana was carried by using GIS technique. The maximum stream order frequency is observed in case of first-order streams and then for second order. The drainage density values of the Kanhar basin have values below five revealing that the subsurface area is permeable, a characteristic feature of coarse drainage. Thereafter, it flows for about 100 kilometres (62 miles) through Surguja district of Chhattisgarh. Mean relief ratio of each sub-watershed of Kanhar basin is shown in the Table 8. 2012a). The monsoon brings sufficient rains. To overcome this problem, automatic extraction techniques have been used for evaluating the morphometric parameters of a basin, i.e., extraction of River basin/watershed boundary and extraction of drainage/stream network from the Kanhar River basin using ASTER DEM in conjunction with geocoded standard false colour composite remote sensing satellite data (Landsat etm+ of 2013) and georeferenced SOI toposheets of 1972 (63P/3, 63P/4, 63P/7, 63P/8, 63P/12, 64M/6, 64M/9, 64M/10, 64M/11, 64M/12, 64M/14, 64M/16 and 73A/4 having 1:50,000 scale) and Lib Texas Toposheets No—NF44-4, NG44-11, NG44-12, NG44-16 having 1:250,000 scale using ARC GIS-9.3 and ERDAS Imagine-9.1 software’s. Stream frequency mainly depends on the lithology of the basin and reflects the texture of the drainage network. Manual extraction of drainage network and assigning the stream order from a published Survey of India (SOI) topographic map and from georeferenced satellite data for a large area is a time taking tedious exercise. Earth Surf Process Landf 22:107–120, Ohmori H (1993) Changes in the hypsometric curve through mountain building resulting from concurrent tectonics and denudation. The output of this method is a basis for creating a stream/drainage network grid with stream order based on Strahler 1964. The values of stream frequency indicate that all the sub-basins show +ve correlation with increasing stream population with respect to increasing drainage density. Relative relief is an important morphometric variable used for the assessment of morphological characteristics of any topography (Gayen et al. Applied Water Science In: Chouhan TS, Joshi KN (eds) Readings on remote sensing applications. 2011; Gayen et al. A number of waterfalls are located along the track of the river. 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