Pericles begins by mentioning the struggles of the Athenian ancestors whom “…after many a struggle transmitted to us their sons this great empire.” And what an empire it might appear to be. Pericles' funeral oration was a speech written by Thucydides and delivered by Pericles for his history of the Peloponnesian War. How does this compare with other Greek views on the subject? Loyalty is the base of many of the abilities humans possess: love, friendship, patriotism, honesty, and integrity. Are current policies Draconian? Pericles goes to great lengths to detail the glory and the esteem of the Athenian empire. Untold numbers would die and Athens itself would suffer a great plague and an eventual defeat at the hands of the Spartans. It covers Chapters 35 through 46 in Book Two, about 3,000 words and should take 15-20 minutes to read. Pericles wants his listeners to feel implicated in a common project of historical proportions, which unites the plights and glories of Athens with those of the Athenians themselves. The speech that Pericles delivers is such a dramatic departure from the customary oration that it is often considered a eulogy of Athens itself. The much-remembered funeral oration of Pericles equally praises the unique character of Athens; Athens was set apart from the rest—the exception, exceptional. Pericles's Funeral Oration is a famous speech attributed to Pericles in Thucydides ' History of the Peloponnesian War. Tel: +44 (0)117 928 9000 It would appear that the empire of Athens has found prosperity in all measures of life. Pericles’ funeral oration remains a poignant reminder that all things come at a cost. Queens Road Summary. Pericles’ Funeral Oration was a reminder to them. At such a time of high emotions and patriotism – Pericles has not one theme but several. Pericles is speaking at the funeral for the dead of Athens, standing in front of the tomb in which they are interred. Do we Need them? University of Bristol Pericles' Funeral Oration: HistoryWiz Primary Source. Funerals after great battles were held as a public event where any citizen of Athens, stranger or relative to the fallen heroes, was invited to take place. Homer proved that Greeks valued loyalty through his epic. The speech was a part of the yearly public funeral for the people who died in the war. A dramatic reading of Pericles Funeral Oration as it appears in Thucydides 'History of the Peloponnesian War'. These concerns noted, he declares that it is tradition for words to be spoken on such an occasion, so he hesitantly obliges. 3. It is likely the Pericles would have been thoughtful of Athenian moral at this time. Around that time, Will Shakespeare was all about experimenting with the genre of romance . Pericles' Funeral Oration is a famous speech from Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War. Garry Wills, Lincoln at Gettysburg (New York, 1992), John Ziolkowski, Thucydides and the Tradition of Funeral Speeches at Athens (New York, 1981). The Peloponnesian war would continue for several years. The speech was part of an annual public war funeral. -- Funeral Oration, Athens, 430 BC, in Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War, bk. c.490 BCE from Thucydides, The Peloponnesian War. The official funeral oration for the Athenian soldiers who died at one of the opening battles of the Peloponnesian War by the leader of democratic Athens, Pericles. Remember that this is not a political rally, but rather a funeral procession. Generally, I donot believe everything about Athens, that Pericles has to say. Why should citizens fight to defend their city, in Pericles' view? Homer’s Epic The Odyssey 654 Words | 3 Pages. * * * * * 34. In 431 BCE, the statesmen Pericles delivered one of his most famous speeches of all time. In 431 BCE the Athenian statesman Pericles delivered one of the most influential speeches of all time, his Epitaphios or Funeral Oration. To moderns, he often seems a kind of disembodied spokesman for democratic values, transmitted to us through less than careful readings, summaries, or decontextualized quotations from Thucydides' account of Pericles' Funeral Oration. Despite the words of Pericles, Athens would suffer greatly in the coming years. Their glorious sacrifice in battle has earned them fame and a heroic reputation that … The nature of Athenian exceptionalism is threefold. Definition A funeral oration […] Loyalty is the base of many of the abilities humans possess: love, friendship, patriotism, honesty, and integrity. It … A.B. Most believe that Pericles was praising Athenian democracy, yet some claim that he was, in fact, downplaying the importance of democracy. Pericles considers this bravery to be the truest form of a mans worth. Bosworth, ‘The historical context of Thucydides’ Funeral Oration’, Journal of Hellenic Studies 120 (2000) Nicole Loraux, The Invention of Athens: the funeral oration in the classical city (Cambridge MA, 1986) Jennifer Talbot Roberts, ‘Mourning and democracy’, in Katherine Harloe & Neville Morley (eds. Here is part of the speech he presented: ‘So died these men as became Athenians. And the brave Athenian soldiers, even when fighting on foreign soil, have little trouble overcoming their adversaries. The setting of the “Pericles’ Funeral Oration” is at the end of the first year of war and the beginning of the plague. 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